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Have you ever wondered how geometric shapes can shrink or grow while maintaining their proportions? What's the magic behind this transformation? In this article, we'll delve into the concept of dilation and reveal the secret rule that governs it.

Imagine you have a quadrilateral, let's call it WXYZ, and you want to create a smaller version of it, but with the same proportions. How would you do that? The answer lies in dilation, a concept that might seem complex at first but is actually quite fascinating.

Let's start with a question: What is dilation, and how does it work? Dilation is a transformation that changes the size of a shape but keeps its shape and orientation intact. It's like resizing an image on your computer, but instead of losing quality, the resized image retains all its original features.

Now, how do we represent this dilation mathematically? That's where the secret rule comes in. The rule for dilation involves a scaling factor, which determines how much the shape will be enlarged or reduced. The rule looks something like this: any point (x, y) on the original shape gets mapped to a new point (Kx, Ky) on the dilated shape, where K is the scaling factor.

But how do we find this scaling factor K? That's the million-dollar question. One way to determine it is by examining a corresponding side of the original and dilated shapes. For instance, if we look at side WZ of the original quadrilateral, we find it has a length of 9 units. Now, let's look at the corresponding side W'Z' of the dilated quadrilateral, which measures 6 units. This tells us that the scaling factor K is 2/3, as the dilated side is two-thirds the length of the original side.

But wait, there's more! We can also confirm this scaling factor by examining the coordinates of a point on the original shape and its corresponding point on the dilated shape. Take point Z, for example, which has coordinates (-9, -3). If we apply the scaling factor of 2/3 to these coordinates, we get (-6, -2), which matches the coordinates of point Z' on the dilated shape.

So, there you have it! The secret rule for dilation is: for any point (x, y) on the original shape, it will get mapped to (2/3x, 2/3y) on the dilated shape. This rule allows us to resize shapes while preserving their proportions, opening up a world of possibilities in geometry and design.

In conclusion, dilation is a powerful tool that allows us to manipulate shapes in a controlled and precise manner. By understanding the secret rule behind dilation, we can unlock the potential to create stunning geometric designs and solve complex problems in the world of mathematics.

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